Energy gluttons – the world’s top 10 energy consumers
The ten biggest energy consuming countries account for over 60% of world’s total primary energy consumption. Hydrocarbon-technology.com profiles the world’s top 10 energy consumers based on annual consumption in 2013.
The world's most populated country China consumed a record 113,200 trillion British Thermal Units (BTU) of primary energy in 2013, a 4.7% increase over 2012 and accounting for about 22% of the world's total energy consumption.
Coal accounted for over 65% of the country's total energy consumption during the year. China is by far the world's biggest coal consumer, producer and importer. It is also the second largest oil guzzler and one of the top five natural gas consumers in the world.
United States of America
USA's primary energy consumption in 2013 grew by 2.9% to 89,920 trillion BTU, which accounted for over 17% of the world total. Oil and natural gas accounted for over 60% of the country's total energy consumption.
The US, accounting for nearly 20% of world's total oil consumption, is the biggest oil consuming country and is also the world's second biggest natural gas and coal consumer. It also holds the world's' largest coal reserves, the second biggest oil reserves and is the second biggest coal and oil producer.
Russia's energy consumption in 2013 stood at 27,740 trillion BTU (5.5% of the world total), a 0.02% decrease from 2012. Natural gas accounted for more than half of the country's energy consumption during the year.
Russia is the biggest producer and second biggest consumer natural gas, and holds the world's biggest natural gas reserves (about one fourth of the world total). It is also the world's third biggest producer and fifth biggest consumer of oil. Russia is one of the top ten coal producers and consumers as well.
World's second most populated country India ended 2013 with 23,610 trillion BTU of primary energy consumption (4.7% of the world total), a 4.1% increase from 2012. Coal accounted for over half of the country's energy consumption.
India is the third largest coal producer and consumer, and the fourth biggest oil consumer in the world. The country's coal reserves, estimated at 60.6 billion tonnes as of December 2013, stand fifth largest in the world.
Asian industrial giant Japan consumed 18,810 trillion BTU of primary energy (3.7% of world total) in 2013, a 0.6% decrease from the previous year. Oil accounted for 44% of the primary energy consumption by the country.
Japan is the third biggest oil consumer and the fourth biggest coal consumer in the world. It is the largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) importer, second biggest coal importer and the third biggest oil importing country.
Canada's primary energy consumption in 2013 grew by 2.1% to 13,210 trillion BTU, which accounted for about 2.6% of the world's total primary energy consumption during the year. Oil and natural gas accounted for about 59% of the country's energy consumption.
Canada holds the third biggest oil reserves, and is the world's fifth biggest producer and tenth biggest consumer of oil. It is also one of the world's top ten producers and consumers of natural gas. Canada's coal reserves rank tenth biggest in the world.
Germany's 2013 energy consumption stood at 12,900 trillion BTU, a 2.8% increase from 2012, comprising about 2.6% of the global primary energy consumption during the year. Oil, coal and natural gas respectively accounted for 34%, 24% and 23% of the country's total energy consumption.
Germany ranks among the top-ten oil, natural gas and coal consuming nations. The European country also holds the sixth biggest proven coal reserves and is among the top-ten coal producing countries in the world.
Brazil consumed 10,950 trillion BTU of primary energy (2.2% of the world total) in 2013, a 3.2% increase over the preceding year. Oil accounted for about 47% of the country's energy consumption followed by hydroelectricity which had a 30% share in the country's energy mix.
Brazil is one of the top-ten oil-consuming nations in the world and the biggest oil producing country in South America. Brazil is a net importer of petroleum and over 90% of the country's oil production comes from offshore fields.
South Korea's primary energy consumption in 2013 marginally increased by 0.4% from 2012 to 10,770 trillion BTU, which accounted for about 2.1% of the word's total energy consumption. Oil accounted for about 40% of the country's total primary energy consumption during the year.
South Korea is one of the top-five oil importers and the sixth biggest oil refining country in the world. The Asian country imports over 80% of its crude oil from the Middle East.
France, the second biggest energy glutton in Europe consumed 9,857 trillion BTU of primary energy in 2013 (a 1.5% increase from 2012), accounting for about two percent of the world's total energy consumption during the year.
Nuclear energy accounted for about 39% of the country's total energy consumption, whereas oil and natural gas respectively comprised 32% and 15% of the primary energy consumed by France in 2013.