Flanagan South Pipeline, Illinois to Oklahoma, United States of America
The Flanagan South Pipeline is a new interstate crude oil petroleum pipeline being developed by Canadian energy company Enbridge, in the US.
The 600 mile (965.6km) long pipeline with a diameter of 36in will run from Flanagan in Illinois to Cushing in Oklahoma, passing via Missouri and Kansas.
Construction contracts for the $2.8bn pipeline project were awarded in 2013. Construction work is scheduled to begin in the same year. The pipeline is expected to be operational by the end of 2014.
Flanagan South Pipeline will have an initial capacity of 600,000 barrels per day (bpd) when brought into service.
The pipeline will deliver crude oil supply from North Dakota's Bakken region and western Canadian region to the US Gulf Coast refineries.
Route of the Flanagan South Pipeline
The Flanagan South Pipeline will follow the route of Enbridge's existing Spearhead Pipeline from the Flanagan terminal in Illinois to the Cushing terminal in Oklahoma.
The new pipeline will run adjacent to the Spearhead Pipeline with deviations at a few locations.
The crude oil supplied through Flanagan South Pipeline to Enbridge's Cushing terminal will be sent to Gulf Coast refineries via the Seaway Crude Pipeline System, which is jointly owned by Enbridge and Enterprise.
Details of Enbridge's Flanagan South Pipeline
The Flanagan South Pipeline project is being developed by Enbridge Pipelines, a subsidiary of Enbridge.
The pipeline project was mooted in 2011 as part of Enbridge's plan for expanding its existing pipeline system to improve the supply of North American crude oil production to the Gulf Coast refineries.
Enbridge's Flanagan South Pipeline Project, unlike its competitor TransCanada's proposed 835 mile Keystone XL Pipeline, has witnessed less criticism for its route along the right-of-way of an existing pipeline originating in US territory.
The 600mi pipeline originates at Pontiac near Flanagan in Illinois and terminates at Cushing in Oklahoma. A total of seven pump stations, including one at the Flanagan terminal, have been planned along the pipeline. The new pipeline will utilise existing pumping station sites and electrical power connections along the Spearhead Pipeline.
The new pipeline, together with the Spearhead Pipeline, will transport up to 775,000 bpd of North American crude oil from Illinois to the Cushing terminal, which is one of the largest oil storage hubs in the US.
The crude oil from Cushing will be sent via the reversal Seaway Pipeline to the Gulf Coast. The Seaway Pipeline system is undergoing a $1bn expansion to more than double its southbound takeaway capacity to 850,000 bpd by the end of 2014.
Flanagan South Pipeline construction
Construction of the Flanagan South Pipeline, which is expected to start in 2013, is divided into four spreads under two contract packages.
Spread 1 of the pipeline covers from Pontiac up to the Illinois/Missouri border. Spread 2 starts from Illinois/Missouri border up to 1.5 miles south of Mount Leonard in Saline County, Missouri.
The Spread 3 ranges up to 3.75 miles north of Mound City, Kansas. The Spread 4 comprises the last section of the pipeline construction ending at Cushing, Oklahoma.
The pipeline's construction will start with simultaneous works for Spread 1 and Spread 3 by two separate contractors.
The project is expected to create more than 1,000 construction jobs with an additional 100 workers to be hired for the construction of the pump stations.
Contractors involved with the crude oil pipeline
Michels was awarded the contract for the Flanagan South Pipeline Spread 1 and Spread 2 construction in June 2013. U.S. Pipeline (USPL) was awarded the construction contract for Spread 3 and Spread 4 in the same month. USPL's scope of work includes the construction of approximately 300 miles of pipeline passing through Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma.
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