Duqm Refinery, Oman


The Duqm Refinery is proposed to be constructed at the Special Economic Zone of Duqm (SEZD), approximately 600km south of Muscat, Oman. It will have a crude oil processing capacity of 230,000 barrels a day.

The project is being developed by Duqm Refinery & Petrochemical Industries Company, a 50:50 joint venture (JV) between state-owned Oman Oil Company (OOC) and the International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC).

"Main construction works are expected to start in 2016 and the refinery is anticipated to come online in the third quarter of 2020."

Site preparation works for the project were initiated in late 2015, while main construction works are expected to start in 2016 and the refinery is anticipated to come online in the third quarter of 2020.

The overall investment in the Omani refinery project is estimated to be approximately $6bn.

Duqm Refinery make-up and construction details

Approximately 900ha (2,000 acres) of land has been earmarked for the construction of the refinery within the SEZD. The project will primarily involve the construction of a crude distillation / vacuum distillation unit, sour water strippers, amine units, and offsite and utility systems.

The process units will comprise a hydrocracker unit (HCU), a hydrogen production unit (HPU), a diesel hydrotreating unit (DHT), a saturated gas plant (SGP), an LPG treatment unit (LTU), a kerosene treatment unit (KTU), a sulphur recovery unit (SRU), and a delayed coking unit (DCU).

The early site preparation works for the project will involve the excavation and compaction of approximately 13 million cubic metres of soil. The same work package also includes the construction of a flood protection ditch, temporary drainage ditches and culverts.

Studies are also being performed to integrate a petrochemical complex at the same site. The adjacent facility is expected to incorporate a mixed feedstock cracker, a polypropylene plant, an aromatics facility and a styrene plant.

Technology licensors for the Omani refinery

Chevron Lumus Global (CLG) is the technology licensor for the HCU, HPU, DHT and SGP process units, while the other technology licensors include UOP for the LTU and KTU, Flour USA for the SRU, and Foster Wheeler Houston for the DCU.

Gas supply and product off-take agreements

The natural gas for the refinery will be sourced from the Saih Nihayda gas plant in central Oman and conveyed to the new Duqm gas supply station (GSS) via a new 221km-long and 36in-diameter pipeline.

The crude oil and products from the project will be traded to Oman Trading International (OTI) and CEPSA.

The project will be served by a new liquid jetty, which is designed to accommodate 150,000DWT vessels. The facility will be operated and managed by Duqm Petroleum Terminal Company (DPTC), a JV of OOC (90%) and the Port of Duqm Company (10%).

Key players involved

The front-end engineering design (FEED) study for the project was performed by Foster Wheeler Energy, while the integrated control system for the project during the FEED stage was handled by Yokogawa.

The market and feasibility studies were performed by KBC, the environmental impact assessment (EIA) study was performed by HMR, the geo-technical investigation works were performed by Swissboring and the site topographical survey was conducted by Nusail Engineering Consultancy.

The project management consultant (PMC) for the project is Technip E&P, the financial adviser is Crédit Agricole, and the legal adviser is Allen & Overy.

MOG has been assigned to execute the gas supply elements of the project, whereas Jindal SAW has been contracted to supply the pipe components for the new gas supply pipeline.

The site preparation contract has been awarded to Galfar Engineering and Contracting.